Diabetes

 

A common life-long health condition is Diabetes. There are 3.2 million known people diagnosed with it in the UK and an estimated unknown 630,000 people who have the condition. Diabetes is the physical condition where the amount of glucose in the blood is too high because the body unable to use it correctly.

This happens because your pancreas can not produce any or enough insulin to help glucose enter your body’s cells – or the insulin that is produced does not work properly.

 

 

 

 

* Insulin that allows glucose to enter the body’s cells, where it is used as fuel for energy so we can live our lives.

* Glucose comes from digesting carbohydrate and is also produced by the liver.

*For people with the Diabetes your body cannot make full use of this glucose so it builds up in the blood

There are two main types of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes

 

 

 

Who typically gets Type 1 diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes can develop at any age but usually appears before the age of 40. It is also the most common type of diabetes found in children. Type 1 diabetes accounts for about a tenth of all adults with diabetes and is treatable by daily insulin injections, as well as a healthy diet and regular physical activity.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Who typically gets Type 2 diabetes?

This usually appears in people aged 40 and over, although people who are from Sothern Asia are at higher risk of it being detected from the age of 25. It is also becoming more common in children of all ethnicities, and adolescents and young people. This type of Diabetes affects between 85 and 95 per cent of all people with diabetes. It can treated with an improved diet and moderate physical activity. Medication can also be prescribed to help to manage their day to day life.

In Type 2 diabetes there is not enough insulin (or the insulin isn’t working properly), so the cells are only partially unlocked and glucose builds up in the blood.

 

 

Useful Links

Diabetes UK

NHS/Diabetes

If you are interested in learning more about Diabetes, there is a Free Distance Learning course available

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