What is Dementia

Dementia covers a wide range of brain diseases the most common being Alzheimer’s Disease, which accounts for around 50-70% of all dementia diseases.  Dementia is a term that refers to a syndrome that affects the brain and results in a person experience problems with there memory, orientation, judgment and communication.

Dementia can eventually lead a person to experience problems with everyday activities such as driving, household chores, personal care, reasoning and planning.  The probability of being affected by dementia increase with age, and mainly occurs in the later part of a persons life often age the age of 65.

The Alzheimer’s society have created a fact sheet, – What_is_dementia_factsheet



Facts about Dementia

  • By 2015 there will be 850,000 people with dementia in the UK.
  • There are 40,000 younger people with dementia in the UK.
  • There will be 1 million people with dementia in the UK by 2025.
  • The proportion of people with dementia doubles for every five-year age group.
  • One in six people aged 80 and over have dementia.


  • 60,000 deaths a year are directly attributable to dementia.
  • Delaying the onset of dementia by five years would reduce deaths directly attributable to dementia by 30,000 a year.
  • The financial cost of dementia to the UK is £26 billion per annum.
  • There are 670,000 carers of people with dementia in the UK.
  • Family carers of people with dementia save the UK £11 billion a year.


Types of Dementia

Alzheimer’s Disease
This is the most common cause of dementia. During the course of the disease, the chemistry and structure of the brain changes, leading to the death of brain cells
…[Read More]

Vascular Dementia
If the oxygen supply to the brain fails, brain cells may die. The symptoms of vascular dementia can occur either suddenly, following a stroke, or over time, through a series of small strokes
…[Read More]

Dementia with Lewy Bodies
This form of dementia gets its name from tiny spherical structures that develop inside nerve cells. Their presence in the brain leads to the degeneration of brain tissue
…[Read More] ….

Fronto-Temporal Dementia
In fronto-temporal dementia, damage is usually focused in the front part of the brain. Personality and behavior are initially more affected than memory
…[Read More]

For a full list of the different types of dementia and brain diseases visit the Alzheimer’s website.



Help and Support


Get Involved

There are loads of ways to get involved, but by highlighting the issue and raising awareness will give people a better understanding.

You can find events happening in your area on the Alzheimer’s website, and you can also help by becoming a dementia friend

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